HELL ON EARTH
Dr. Chuck DeVane, Pastor
Lake Hamilton Baptist Church
Hot Springs, Arkansas
JUNE 19, 2016
32 As they went out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled this man to carry his cross. 33 And when they came to a place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull), 34 they offered him wine to drink, mixed with gall, but when he tasted it, he would not drink it. 35 And when they had crucified him, they divided his garments among them by casting lots. 36 Then they sat down and kept watch over him there. 37 And over his head they put the charge against him, which read, “This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.” 38 Then two robbers were crucified with him, one on the right and one on the left. 39 And those who passed by derided him, wagging their heads 40 and saying, “You who would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save yourself! If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross.” 41 So also the chief priests, with the scribes and elders, mocked him, saying, 42 “He saved others; he cannot save himself. He is the King of Israel; let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him. 43 He trusts in God; let God deliver him now, if he desires him. For he said, ‘I am the Son of God. ’” 44 And the robbers who were crucified with him also reviled him in the same way. 45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour. 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” 47 And some of the bystanders, hearing it, said, “This man is calling Elijah.” 48 And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink. 49 But the others said, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.” 50 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit.
— Matthew 27:32-50, ESV
I have offered counseling during which one or both spouses claimed their marriage had become a Hell on earth. I have had friends who fought in the Vietnam War, who described their experiences in the far eastern jungles as Hell on earth. Personally, I was once lowered into a shutdown boiler in a big factory for cleanup detail. It was extremely hot and very dark and I though I had discovered Hell on earth.
In fact only one person, at one time, in one place has ever experienced Hell on earth. His name is Jesus, it happened over six hours one Friday, in a place called “Golgotha” in Aramaic (“Calvary” in Latin, “Kranion” in Greek, “Skull” in English). The crucifixion of Christ is prophetic, since virtually everything that happens here to open up the New Covenant is foretold by Old Covenant prophets. It is salvific, in that those of us who believe in the One on the cross receive absolute forgiveness and everlasting life. Yet it is horrific, since crucifixion is well known to be the cruelest form of capital punishment ever devised. For Jesus, it was Hell, on earth.
The first thing Jesus discovered on His road to perdition is that Hell is a place of no mercy, only justice and injustice. Barabbas had been given mercy instead of Jesus. Now the other two criminals would get what they deserved while Jesus got what He most certainly did not. No mercy was shown to Jesus in may ways on this day.
On the way to Golgotha, Jesus fell. Mercy would have let him die on the spot from the beatings He had been given by a legion of thugs. But instead, a Jewish man from northern Africa named “Simon” was conscripted to carry Jesus’ cross. Simon, who is believed to have become a believer after this, was probably at the time one of the many Jews who had called for Christ’s crucifixion and was eagerly, and mercilessly, waiting to watch it.
After they nailed Jesus to the cross, they offered him “wine to drink, mixed with gall.” Wine could numb the pain, and our Lord did receive some at the very end. But the first offering was mixed with gall to make it too bitter to drink. On top of everything else, they took Jesus’ clothes, to demonstrate to Him that He wouldn’t be needing them anymore. Hell is like that, it takes away everything you own and everything you are, without mercy.
Hell is a place of no faith, only unbelief. At the cross Jesus was surrounded by it. It should strike us that as people passed by, they were said to be “wagging their heads.” People nod their heads up and down when they want to say, “Yes.” They wag them from side to side when they want to give an emphatic, “No way.”
The crowd said to Jesus, no, we do not believe in You. They said, no, you are not the King of the Jews, no matter what the sign says. No, they said, you are not the Messiah, the Savior, the Lord. They were saying no to the gospel, no to Christ and Christianity, no way to the only way to Heaven. Hell is the ultimate place of unbelief, the place of no faith.
Love has many colors, but respect is always gold. Jesus should have been showered with respect at every juncture, but He received little during His life and at the end found none. Everything in this experience was carefully calculated to show disrespect to the Lord.
Like a crucified criminal, Jesus hung naked and exposed on the cross. A sarcastic placard was placed above His sacred head. The soldiers mocked Him, the bystanders mocked Him, Jews mocked Him, Romans mocked Him, even the two thieves on the other two crosses mocked Him, although one of them saw the light after the darkness fell.
Jesus had shown respect to all people during His life and ministry. He kept Jewish customs, obeyed Roman laws, treated all people, even Gentiles, women, and children, with love and respect. Yet none was given to Him in the end. People do not respect God nor one another in Hell.
Here is the worst part. At this hour of His life, Jesus had arrived at the place of no grace. People say Hell is the place where God is not. But God is omnipresent, He is everywhere, and He was at Golgotha that day. But on that day, what was completely withheld from the Son of God was the grace of God.
I find these words, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” to be the most forlorn in all of Scripture. If God would not deliver the Son of God in His hour of need, why would He ever do anything for someone like me? If the sinless Son of God received this, what will become of me and my sins?
Contrary to folk tales and faulty theology, God does not have to do anything for anybody. He does not need us and we do not deserve Him. But when the sun shines, or the rain falls, or the operation is successful, or there is money for groceries, this is grace. Most especially, when my sins are nailed to the sinless Savior, and my heart is changed to repent and believe in Him, this is the grace of God.
Only in Hell, is there no grace. On this day, this Hell on earth, none was given to Jesus. Jesus bore not His own sins, but ours, and was given no grace, so that we might have grace. Can you see how great is the grace of God? Can you see at what a price grace was bought? Can you see what it is like to live, and die, without grace? Get it now! For in Hell, it doesn't exist.
In one of the laments of the great poet Jackson Browne,
“Wake up each day, with the weight of the world spreading over your shoulders,
Can’t get away, from the weight of the world crushing down on you.
A heart broke, in your mind, sudden turns you can’t define,
There is no shade, there is no light, and you’re afraid its all gonna go on forever.”
Every day of His earthly life, Jesus knew He would endure Hell for the elect. Every minute of His earthly ministry, Jesus knew He was walking to the cross. Every second on the cross, Jesus felt the weight of the world’s sins spreading over His shoulders. Those six hours must have felt like six years or more, and even the perfect Lamb of God came to the point where He could not endure it any more.
Without mercy or grace, with the faces of the Father and the sun turned away, at the far end of Hell on earth, Jesus “yielded up His spirit” and died. The perfect man drowned in pain, sorrow, and blood. As He died, as it says in the addendum to the Apostles’ Creed says, “He descended into Hell.”
Death is Hell, and Hell is death. When the Apostle Paul wrote, “The wages of sin is death,” he literally meant that unrepentant people whose sin is unredeemed by Christ go to Hell. In the final analysis of Romans 6:23, however, it is written, “But the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”
Our Lord Jesus Christ endured no mercy that we may have mercy, He suffered at the hands of those with no faith that we may have faith, He was treated with no respect so that we may respect Him and His sacrifice, He received no grace so that we may bathe in grace, He gave up His life so that we may have everlasting life, He endured Hell on earth so we may never be touched by Hell, on earth or anywhere else.
WHAT PILATE SHOULD HAVE DONE
Matthew 27:1-2, 11-31
Dr. Chuck DeVane, Pastor
Lake Hamilton Baptist Church
Hot Springs, Arkansas
JUNE 12, 2016
1 When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death. 2 And they bound him and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate the governor.
11 Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” Jesus said, “You have said so.” 12 But when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he gave no answer. 13 Then Pilate said to him, “Do you not hear how many things they testify against you?” 14 But he gave him no answer, not even to a single charge, so that the governor was greatly amazed.
15 Now at the feast the governor was accustomed to release for the crowd any one prisoner whom they wanted. 16 And they had then a notorious prisoner called Barabbas. 17 So when they had gathered, Pilate said to them, “Whom do you want me to release for you:Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?” 18 For he knew that it was out of envy that they had delivered him up. 19 Besides, while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent word to him, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered much because of him today in a dream.” 20 Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas and destroy Jesus. 21 The governor again said to them, “Which of the two do you want me to release for you?” And they said, “Barabbas.” 22 Pilate said to them, “Then what shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?” They all said, “Let him be crucified!” 23 And he said, “Why, what evil has he done?” But they shouted all the more, “Let him be crucified!”
24 So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather that a riot was beginning, he took water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this man's blood; see to it yourselves.” 25 And all the people answered, “His blood be on us and on our children!” 26 Then he released for them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him to be crucified.
27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the governor's headquarters, and they gathered the whole battalion before him. 28 And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, 29 and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on his head and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 30 And they spit on him and took the reed and struck him on the head. 31 And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the robe and put his own clothes on him and led him away to crucify him.
— Matthew 27:1-2, 11-31, ESV
His name is mentioned here for the first of fifty-six times in the New Testament. His name is repeated every Sunday when a church recites the Apostles’ Creed or the Nicene Creed. His name is one of the most famous, or infamous, in history, ironically due to the rise and spread of Christianity.
Pontius Pilate came to the Holy Land in AD 26 as the Roman governor of Judea. He remained until AD 36. About half way through his tenure, He met Jesus Christ. Because of what he did, and did not do, this is the time when things began to go decidedly downhill for Pilate.
The historian Eusebius tells us Pontius Pilate was removed from office due to his own failures, after which he sadly committed suicide. He must have been haunted by a host of errors. Chief among them, no doubt, was the way he mishandled the trial and execution of the Jewish Messiah. Before he took his last breath, he no doubt replayed those events over and over in his mind, thinking mostly about the things he should have done.
He should have honored the King (ref. Matthew 27:11).
Pilate truly wanted to please the king, with a little “k,” Tiberius Caesar, emperor of Rome. His chief duties were to keep the peace within and send tax money without. With a hard heart and an iron fist, Pilate sought to deliver on his promises. After a few years into this work, he met the real King, with a capital “K,” the Lord Jesus Christ. Pilate obviously did not honor Him a such, since he was worried more about worldly things.
Like Pilate, most people do not realize it when Jesus walks into their lives. They think Him a mere man, perhaps even a myth, but not the ultimate King. Like Pilate, people worry too much about themselves, their approval ratings, their ways and means of making money and experiencing pleasure. What Pilate should have done is bow and honor Jesus as King of kings and Lord of lords no matter what the cost. He did not, of course, and in the end was judged harshly by both kings.
He should have believed the Truth (ref. Matthew 27:12-14).
The other Gospels concur with Matthew that Jesus did not have much to say to Pilate, but they also broaden the dialogue between the prisoner and the governor. Jesus explained that He was a different kind of King, a spiritual and eternal King over a spiritual and eternal kingdom. He further intimated that He is the Way into this kingdom, the Truth pointing people inward and onward, and the reward of Life that never ends.
John’s Gospel reveals that Pilate, like so many modern Americans, did not believe in absolute truth. All religions were nonsensical to the cynical Pilate, especially old Judaism and fledgling Christianity. Pilate lived and governed by the selfish and shallow philosophy of pragmatism, more concerned with “what works for me,” rather that what is right and true. Extreme pragmatism poisoned Pilate and helped kill Jesus. But in the end, how did pursuing pragmatism at the expense of truth work out for Pilate?
He should have listened to his wife (ref. Matthew 27:15-23).
Here’s a point every husband should take closely to heart. Always listen to your wife! Pilate’s better half, Claudia, was the granddaughter of the grand emperor Augustus Caesar. She was intelligent and articulate, and legend even has it that she became a Christian. On the night before Jesus’ arrest and trials, the Sanhedrin had visited Pilate and arranged for this early morning tribunal. Claudia no doubt overheard the conversation, which is why she could not sleep. In her restlessness God gave her a dream, the truth of which she shared with Pilate, who like too many men only listened with one ear and half his heart.
The feeble effort Pilate made to release Jesus backfired and freed a murderer named Barabbas instead. Pilate could have refused to hear the case, like the prerogative enjoyed by our own Supreme Court, leaving to stand the decision of the lower court, the Sanhedrin. In this case, Jesus might have been punished, but not capitally. Jesus would have lived another day and perhaps Pilate would have had another conversation with Him. But at the end of this day, Jesus died, and though he did not know it at the time, so did Pilate.
He should have cleansed his heart (ref. Matthew 27:24-26).
Though the buck stopped with him, Pilate tried to pass it on to the Jewish people. He acquiesced to their bad judgment, irrational hatred, and desire to crucify Jesus. When his feeble attempt to free Jesus failed, Pilate caved in to popular opinion and partisan politics and punted to the mob. Then he tried to say he had nothing to do with it by ceremonially washing his hands.
He should have washed his heart. But you can’t do that with a basin of water or by blaming other people. No secular hand washing nor religious ritual can cleanse the heart and make a man right with God. This only comes by grace, though faith, in the person Pilate was about to crucify. Pilate did not stand on grace, had no faith, and tried to claim neutrality when it comes to Jesus. When their rolls were reversed in the afterlife, Pilate learned too late that neutrality is no place to stand when it comes to Jesus Christ.
He should have called off his dogs (ref. Matthew 27:27-31).
One last thing Pilate should have done, looking through Matthew’s window, is call off his henchmen. The verdict was cast, crucifixion was coming. Pilate should not have added terrible insult to terminal injury by letting his soldiers take Jesus and beat him to within an inch of His life, even if it was the Roman custom.
The Gospels together record three mocking and beatings of Jesus. The first at the hands of the Jewish militia, who were lightweights. The next came from Herod’s small band of guards, the middleweights. This last beating was distributed by two hundred heavyweights, the toughest soldiers in the Roman legion. It was cruel and unusual punishment as a prelude to the most cruel and most unusual punishment in the history of the world, and Pilate let it happen.
He should have carried the cross.
Thanks to the Apostles’ and Nicene creeds, Pilate and Jesus are intertwined in historic, biblical Christianity. Thanks to this account in Matthew’s Gospel, we can see what Pilate did and what Pilate should have done in regard to our Lord Jesus Christ. Though it is too late for him, I want to close this sermon by offering an idea that would have redeemed Pilate and made him a more affirming member of our faith.
Do you remember what John the Baptist did at the beginning of Jesus’ public ministry? He baptized Him. But do you remember how?
John the Baptist understood Jesus was being baptized so that Jesus could eventually be crucified, in his own words, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world” (ref. John 1:29). Yet when it came time to baptize Jesus, John said, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me? But Jesus answered him, ‘Let it be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness. Then he consented’” (ref. Matthew 3:14-15). John was not worthy, even though he was perhaps the best mere man who ever lived. Jesus did not need baptism, save to identify with those for whom He came to die. But Jesus told John to go ahead, for it was part of God’s plan.
This is what Pontius Pilate should have done. Like one of his centurions, Pilate should have looked at the evidence and declared that Jesus was both an innocent man and the Messiah. Like John the Baptist, Pilate should have humbly bowed before Jesus and confessed his unworthiness to judge Him and send Him to the cross. Jesus would have said to Pilate the same thing He said to John the Baptist: I know, but go ahead, it is part of God’s plan.
Then Pilate should have walked with Jesus to the cross, even carrying it along the way, like Simon of Cyrene. Then Pilate should have knelt near the foot of the cross, like mother Mary and the Apostle John, and wept and prayed. Then Pilate should have taken the body down, along with Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea, and placed Jesus in the borrowed tomb. Then Pilate should have gone to the tomb, on the first day of the week, along with Mary and Mary and Salome and Joanna and Peter and John, and witnessed the resurrection.
Pilate should have repented and believed the gospel, the gospel that included him, and every one of us, in the script. He would have been hated by the hypocrites, which he was anyway. He would have been fired from his job by the Gentiles, which he was anyway. He would have died anyway, although almost certainly not by suicide. If Pilate had done what he should have done, it would have changed his story, his life, and his eternal destiny.
Today you’ve come face to face with Pilate and, once again, with the gospel of Jesus Christ. What you do, or fail to do, will matter now and forever. Walk with Jesus to the cross. Go to His empty tomb. See Him rise again. Know He is coming back. Call upon the name of the Lord.
TO KILL A KING
Dr. Charles F. “Chuck” DeVane, Jr., Pastor
Lake Hamilton Baptist Church
Hot Springs, Arkansas
JUNE 5, 2016
57 Then those who had seized Jesus led him to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. 58 And Peter was following him at a distance, as far as the courtyard of the high priest, and going inside he sat with the guards to see the end. 59 Now the chief priests and the whole council were seeking false testimony against Jesus that they might put him to death, 60 but they found none, though many false witnesses came forward. At last two came forward 61 and said, “This man said, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to rebuild it in three days. ’” 62 And the high priest stood up and said, “Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men testify against you?” 63 But Jesus remained silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” 64 Jesus said to him, “You have said so. But I tell you, from now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.” 65 Then the high priest tore his robes and said, “He has uttered blasphemy. What further witnesses do we need? You have now heard his blasphemy. 66 What is your judgment?” They answered, “He deserves death.” 67 Then they spit in his face and struck him. And some slapped him, 68 saying, “Prophesy to us, you Christ! Who is it that struck you?”
— Matthew 26:57-68, ESV
In order for the plot to play out in Harper Lee’s “To Kill a Mockingbird,” the court system had to be corrupted. Lies had to trump the truth, false accusations had to stick, and unjust punishment had to be meted out. Though she never intended her prolific story to be a parable of the gospel, it certainly is, at least in part. For the same kind of conspiracy and corruption it took to kill a mockingbird is the same malice and meanness it took to kill a king, namely the King of kings, our Lord Jesus Christ.
The backdrop for this courtroom scene described in Matthew’s Gospel is a colossal failure on the part of just about everybody involved in the final days of Jesus’ life. Our Lord’s closest friends either betrayed Him, abandoned Him, or denied Him. This Jewish court (and eventually the Roman court) terribly misjudged Him. Why wouldn't anyone, like the old hymn says, “Stand Up, Stand Up, For Jesus?”
It seems they all had a predetermined agenda. Judas’ motive was mixed with unbelief and greed, a bad combination, and like Haman’s gallows it hung his own head. The disciples’ aim was to save their own skin, which is why they scattered in the garden and uttered denials in the courtyard. “The chief priests and the whole counsel,” Annas and Caiaphas and a quorum of the Sanhedrin, had already chosen not to be followers of the Messiah, for that would have kept people from following them. Now, they determined, the King had to be killed.
A Corrupt Court
Instead of open-minded jurors, the members of this kangaroo court were hard-hearted judges. They were envious of Jesus’ godliness and gentleness. They were fearful of losing their religious authority, which they wielded for graft instead of good. They predetermined to convict Jesus of some crime so heinous that the Lord would lose in their court, lose in the court of public opinion, and eventually lose in a Roman court. So here is what they did:
The looked for lies to suit the desires of their heart. “They were seeking false testimony,” the antithesis of what a true court would do. “Many false witnesses came forward,” and eventually their corrupt testimony was cobbled into a charge against the Lord.
They ignored the truth, even though it, or He, was standing right there in front of them. To up their anti, clever Caiaphas commanded Jesus to state, for the record, His true identity. Messiah means King, and Christ’s rightful claim of Lordship would put Him on the losing side of a Jewish and Roman court. Jesus told the truth, because He is the Truth, and this corrupt court would not believe.
They made false accusations to garner a guilty verdict. Instead of acknowledging Jesus as Savior and Lord, they labeled Him a fraud and a blasphemer. They mocked Him, spit on Him, beat Him, and then turned Him over to the Romans to kill.
At the end of the trial they made a flawed, fatal judgment. It was as flawed as their hearts, and fatal to their own souls. Like the all white jury in the “Mockingbird” trial, they had already made up their minds before hearing any testimony. They refused to change their mind, otherwise known as repentance, and they would all go to their graves one day having killed the King of kings.
By the way, the world will often do this to you if you are a Christian. You will likely do it to others if you are not. For while this corrupt court is no longer in session, corrupt and unrepentant hearts abound everywhere.
A Corrupt Heart
This corrupt court proves to be a picture of a corrupt heart. The human heart, depraved as it is, apart from grace, will always insist on “my way” instead of God’s way. It is self-centered and bent on self-gratification, and the lengths we will go to get what we want is parallel to the corruption we see in the Jewish court that rejected Jesus. Remember what they did? Well, here is what we tend to do:
To get what we want, we listen to the lies of the world. If we want money, we can find a bank that’s too big to fail. If we want sexual freedom, we can find the academy, the media, and the courts on our side, no matter what God has said. If we want power, we quote Invictus and crown ourselves as the captains of our own ship and masters of our own fate.
To keep what we want, we ignore biblical truth. Most of us prefer the silent Jesus, the closed Bible, and a society that seeks to keep God out of our lives. We don’t want Him in the public school or the public square. We don’t want Him in our bedrooms, governing our sexuality. We do not want to acknowledge Him as Creator, Savior, and Lord, and prefer the total separation of church and life.
To clear our consciences, we call good people bad things. Young people who abstain from sex, drugs, and alcohol are called nerds, while adults who cheat and change spouses are called swingers. Those who believe the Bible are derogatorily called fundamentalists, or extremists, or religious zealots, which these days are all synonyms for terrorists. Those who belittle or deny the truths of Scripture are called sophisticated, intellectual, and open-minded, when their minds are actually closed and prejudiced against biblical Christianity. “Woe to those who call evil good and good evil” (ref. Isaiah 5:20).
To remain in control, we reject the Lordship of Jesus Christ. At the end of the day, like in that Jewish courtroom, it is all about control. If Jesus is who the Bible says He is, then He must rule and reign as King over our hearts. But the human heart does not want to bend or believe, because the human heart does not want to surrender its ways to God, to the Messiah, to the King. We’d rather He be dead.
It is fair to say we all killed the King that day. And in our present day, He is still on trial. Now, let those of us who are here take our seats on the jury.
Your Seat on the Jury
If Christ had a lawyer on that fateful day, someone of integrity and intelligence like Atticus Finch, here are a few of the facts that would have come out:
According to Jewish law (the Old Testament), the Messiah was to be born of a virgin, in Bethlehem, of the tribe of Judah and the lineage of King David, preceded by an Elijah-like figure, perform many signs and wonders, and ride into Jerusalem on a donkey. Jesus, who in this trial merely acknowledged He is the Christ, or Messiah, had the evidence to back it up.
According to Jewish law (the Old Testament), the Messiah was to be betrayed by a friend, sold for thirty pieces of silver, despised and rejected by His own people, beaten and crucified as the spotless lamb and scapegoat, in order to provide an atonement for sin. Jesus, who made claim to His messiahship in this trial, because of this trial, would experience all these things.
Jesus had no lawyer but He has commissioned Christians and preachers to speak in His defense. The world is a prejudiced and hard-hearted jury, and we sit in its midst. But when a word of truth is spoken, grace dawns and faith breaks, and a heart is changed.
Jesus should not have been on trial, we should. Jesus should not have been killed for sins He did not commit, we should face the Judge of all the earth for our own sins. But if you believe in Jesus’ innocence, because you believe He is Lord, then you can be forgiven of killing the King, and the King Himself will set you free.
Dr. Charles F. "Chuck" DeVane, Jr., is the Pastor of Lake Hamilton Baptist Church in Hot Springs, Arkansas. His weekly sermon article, "The Gospel Truth," has been published in newspapers in Arkansas and Georgia. Dr. DeVane is a graduate of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary and has served in the pastorate for over 20 years. Contact Pastor Chuck at PastorChuck@lakehamiltonbaptistchurch.org